We won’t know exactly when Americans can get aas part of a until negotiations are wrapped (here’s ), but the good news is that your potential payment could actually be and their than the . (Here’s and .)
Whenever— and right now, that’s expected to be part of the final bill — we think we know a fair bit about who could qualify for more money.
There are hints that one qualification could change, though there are two competing views on how to implement it. Another shift could either be clarified in a new bill, or a court ruling could determine the way the IRS interprets the law. In general, the eligibility requirements come down to factors like your, , the of people in your household and even if you . We discuss all the nuances below. This story was recently updated.
New proposed rules might favor some families over others
Three separate proposals have changed the language concerningand how much money you could see in a final check if you claim them on your taxes. would add $500 for each dependent, regardless of the person’s age.
Theseeks to largely keep the definition of a dependent restricted to “children” as defined in the bill, but it raises the value to $1,000, which would . The , approved in March, added $500 per each child under 17 years old. But unless your , children 17 and older and adult dependents, like a parent, were passed over.
The first proposal would benefit families with older dependents, while the second benefits younger families. We’ll show you how to.
A court ruling may decide if people who are incarcerated may possibly get a second check — and a first
A class action lawsuit in California (PDF) could make a change to who gets a stimulus check. Specifically, up to 2 million people who are incarcerated may be able to claim their checks if this ruling holds — or family members may be able to claim the checks on the individuals’ behalf.
The decision to exclude prison inmates from receiving a check was a later interpretation by the IRS, the Washington Post reported, and was not initially detailed in the CARES Act, the bill that provisioned the first round of stimulus checks. A judge ordered the IRS to release the checks, but the decision could be appealed. If the courts uphold the ruling, it’s possible that families of imprisoned people will be able to claim their first check, and likely a second payment when and if that’s approved.
Who might qualify for a second stimulus payment? Here’s a list
It’s likely that if a second stimulus check is approved, it’ll follow many of the guidelines from the CARES Act thatin March. But it will probably also draw some changes from the . Neither of those proposals is law.
Who could qualify for a second stimulus check
|Qualifying group||Likely to be covered by the final bill|
|Individuals||An AGI of less than $99,000 (Same as CARES)|
|Head of household||An AGI of less than $146,500 (Same as CARES)|
|Couple filing jointly||An AGI less than $198,000 (Same as CARES)|
|Dependents of any age||No limit (HEALS proposal; up to 3 in Heroes)|
|US citizens living abroad||Yes, same as CARES|
|Citizens of US territories||Likely, with payments handled by each territory’s tax authority (CARES)|
|SSDI and tax nonfilers||Likely, but with an extra step to file (more below)|
|Uncertain status||Could be set by court ruling|
|Incarcerated people||Excluded under CARES Act through IRS interpretation, judge overturned|
|Disqualified group||Unlikely to be covered by the final bill|
|Noncitizens who pay taxes||Proposed in Heroes Act, unlikely to pass in Senate|
|People who owe child support||Included in Heroes proposal, but excluded under CARES|
What if you share custody of a child or owe child support?
Due to a specific rule, if you and the other parent of your child dependent alternate years claiming your child on your tax return, youin your first stimulus check, and in the second if that rule doesn’t change.
If you owe child support, your stimulus money may be garnished for arrears (the amount you owe).
The role taxes could play in stimulus check eligibility
For most people,. For example, the most important factor in setting income limits is , which determines how much of the $1,200 for individuals and $2,400 for married couples you could receive if you meet the other requirements.
Ourcan show you how much money you could potentially expect from a second check, based on your most recent tax filing. Read below for your eligibility if you don’t typically file taxes.
If I’m an older adult or retired, can I expect a stimulus check?
Many, received a first stimulus check under the CARES Act, and would likely be eligible for a second one. For older adults and retired people, factors like , , your pension, if you’re part of the (more below) and whether the IRS considers you a dependent will likely affect your chances of receiving a second payment.
What happens if I didn’t file a federal tax return in 2018 or 2019?
People who weren’t required to file a federal income tax return in 2018 or 2019 may not have been required to file:under the CARES Act. If that guideline doesn’t change for a second stimulus check, this group would qualify again. Here are reasons you might
- You’re over 24, you’re not claimed as a dependent and your income is less than $12,200.
- You’re married filing jointly and together your income is less than $24,400.
- You have no income.
- You receive federal benefits, such as Social Security or Social Security Disability Insurance. See below for more on SSDI.
With the first stimulus check, non-filers needed to provide the IRS with some information before they could receive their payment. (If you still haven’t received a first check even though you were eligible, the IRS has extended its deadline to use its Non-Filers tool through Nov. 21.) who may fall into this category but who haven’t requested their payment.
I receive SSDI: Is it possible to get another payment?
Those who are part of the Direct Express card, which the government typically uses to distribute federal benefits, but through a non-Direct Express bank account or as a paper check. SSDI recipients also need to use the IRS’ Non-Filers tool to request a payment for themselves and dependents.under the CARES Act. Recipients wouldn’t receive their payments via their
What about US citizens abroad, or citizens of a US territory?
You may still be eligible for a stimulus check, but the rules are different..
Who wasn’t eligible to receive the first check?
From the payment authorized under the CARES Act, which became law in March, these groups were excluded:
For more, here’s what we know about the. We also have information on , , and .